Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS)
Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS), also known as Response to Instruction and Intervention (RtI2), is a problem solving, school improvement model that addresses instruction and student response to instruction/intervention. MTSS provides the structure to ensure that all efforts of the district are coordinated and consistent. MTSS embraces the integration of evidence based instruction, interventions, and assessments to address the full range of student academic and behavioral needs present in today’s classroom. The promise of using an MTSS model is to support and challenge every student to reach their full potential.
What is the problem?
This image represents the current reality of the system. Those students that are represented in the larger circle are those students who are responding to our general education practices. Those students in the smaller circle represent those students with a documented disability, and are receiving exceptional education services to meet their level of need. Those students falling outside those circles are not receiving the support they need. With this system, we had to wait for these students to fail even more before we could offer them the support they needed.
What is the solution?
With a new system, students get the support when they need it.
- Benchmark assessments help predict if a student is at-risk for poor outcomes.
- Data is used to predict and prevent problems from occurring in the first place.
- Based on multiple sources of data, an evidence-based intervention is implemented and progress is monitored so as to return the student to that larger circle that represents our core practices.
A multi-tiered, problem solving model that supports all students and provides instruction and intervention based on need
Key Questions in a Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) Framework
What do we want students to know or do?
What instructional strategies do we use?
How do we know if they have learned it?
How do we respond when they haven't learned it?
What do we do for those who know it?
The main points of MTSS
MTSS systematically organizes the way we operate our schools in order to reach the vision of academic and behavioral success for all students.
• Culturally Responsive Practices
• High Quality Instruction
• Balanced Assessment
• Collaboration and data based decision making
• Multi-Level System of Support
Go Deeper: Questions and Answers about MTSS
Go deeper into Wisconsin’s vision for MTSS. Heidi Thuli, Academic Coordinator at the Wisconsin RTI Center, describes how you can provide all students with the best opportunities to succeed in school at http://www.ecb.org/rti/gettingstarted_bonus.htm.